The Cabinet on Wednesday approved new criteria for hiring police officers, with the new system expected to begin sometime after May’s legislative elections and the regulations approved by parliament on Thursday. Speaking after a cabinet session, Justice Minister Ionas Nicolaou said that the new criteria introduce objectivity and meritocracy as the key screening element and […]
Police have warned motorists to get their road tax in order ahead of a major clampdown which is set to get underway as of this coming Wednesday.
According to the latest figures from the Road Transport Department, around 104,000 vehicles are currently on Cyprus’ roads without having renewed their road tax and that police will no longer issue warnings but fines. The same figures show that another 68,700 vehicles have been left stranded.
Traffic police say that motorists must sort out their road tax by Tuesday or run the risk of paying a fine on top of their outstanding road tax fee.
Road Transport officials are, meanwhile, bracing for a huge influx of motorists to their relative departments around the island to settle their road tax while around 20,000 cars have even yet to even pass their MOT.
Another 8,500 motorists have also been alerted that their vehicles have not been for their MOT.
2010 Accident statistics in Cyprus in Greek.
1999 to 2008. A roundup of accident statistics in Cyprus in English
2003 to 2007. A roundup of accident statistics in Cyprus in English
Traffic Offences Committed By Juveniles For The Years 2005 – 2009. Download
Deaths – drivers and passengers – No Safety Belt 2001 – 2005. Download
Riders – not wearing helmet 2000 – 2004. Download
Accidents by Classification 2001 – 2005. Download
Accident Deaths and Alcohol 1994 – 2005. Download
Casualties by Means of Transport 2001 – 2004. Download
Casualties by Means of Transport 1999 – 2003. Download
Casualties by Sex and Age 2000 – 2004. Download
Casualties by Sex and Age 1999 – 2003. Download
Victims According to Age 2000 – 2004. Download
Fatal Traffic Accidents per day 2002 – 2004. Download
Table of Casualties 1999 – 2003. Downloaded
There have been a number of rumours circulating regarding tyres. Here is a brief rundown of the legislation.
The Law and the Biennial Vehicle Inspection (MOT)
The vehicle will fail the test and you may commit traffic offences if:
- The tyre does not fit snugly on the rim
- The rim is dented or distorted
- Different tyre size
- Different tread pattern on same axle
- Cuts greater than 25 mm or greater than 10 % of width, bulges or other damage.
- The grooves of the tread pattern are not at least 1.6mm throughout a continuous band comprising: the central three-quarters of the breadth of tread around the entire outer circumference of the tyre.
- The general condition of the tyre of the tyre is poor e.g. perished rubber.
- The valve is worn, deformed or broken.
The DOT number
The DOT number is the US Department of Transport number which contains a code for the manufacturer e.g. JJ82, then an internal code for the manufacturers’ use and then the date code. Recent tyres have a 4 figure code the first two are the week of manufacture the second two are the year of manufacture.
The DOT code currently has no bearing in Cyprus law. Nor is there any legislation being proposed that would, for example, make it illegal to drive the vehicle on the road fitted with an old tyre. Nor can the vehicle fail the Bi Annual Vehicle Test (MOT) purely on the date of manufacture of the tyre.
The questions regarding DOT dates was brought about by the importing of secondhand tyres from other countries. The importers asked the Department of Transport if it was legal. The answer was that it is, provided the tyres are safe.
A number of other interested parties, who were not happy with the importers, seem to have started this chain of events and wanted to introduce the DOT date restriction.
The Department of Transport did state however that vehicles being submitted to their offices for Type Approval may be refused if they consider the tyres to be too old. This will effect very few people, those who wish a one off Type Approval.
For further advice on tyres I suggest you look at the manufactures website to check their recommendations regarding the longevity of their tyres.
Police, Ambulance and Fire Service in Cyprus use the Emergency number that is valid in all countries of the EU, 112.
If you are unlucky enough to be involved in any sort of traffic accident while driving on a road in Cyprus, the police should always be contacted.
When you call the emergency number, 112 it is directed to the Police in the first instance.
Police will call an ambulance or the fire service to the scene if required.
The accident and reporting procedures are broadly similar to the UK.
This means that police will only attend accidents that involve injury, driving offences or special situations where, for example, the road is blocked.
Do not move your car before contacting the Police.
If you do move your vehicle, you could be deemed to be at fault, even though this may not be the case.
Always carry with you:
In a rented car – driving licence – rental documents
In a locally registered car – driving licence – insurance.
Police Officers in Cyprus invariably speak some English and many have a good knowledge of the language.
Police Blue Lights
The Cyprus Police have been driving with their blue lights illuminated while on normal patrol. The policy has now changed because of the road safety implications. However there may be those who continue to use them in error.
Cyprus Police Traffic Patrols
Αστυνομία Κύπρου operate regular traffic patrols and static checks to enforce traffic law. They have modern speed enforcement equipment and carry out regular speed checks.
Sovereign Base Area Police
SBA Police operate similar patrols within their jurisdiction, which is on the British Bases and surrounding areas.
Both forces are especially vigilant regarding excess speed on the Highway.
The Department of Road Transport Police Special Constables
The Department have a number of employees who are appointed as Police Special Constables. They wear Police uniform with insignia denoting they are from the department. They carry out road checks in their own right, mainly for document and construction and use offences.
Most Municipalities employ their own uniformed police to enforce local bye-laws, traffic offences and parking.
Police have a policy of targeting a different offence each month.
The limit is lower than the UK.
The limit in Cyprus is 22 micrograms of alcohol per 100 milliliters of breath.
There are several mobile substantive breath test devices in Cyprus. These give the readout that is used in court.
If you have a reading between 25 and 39 you will be detained until a responsible person is able to drive you and your vehicle away from the scene or Police Station. You will then be fined or taken to court. Offences, Fines and Points.
Speed and Traffic Cameras
The speed and traffic camera system was deactivated on 21st September 2007. It would appear that several problems have been encountered in replacing them. It is not anticipated that the will be a speed camera system on the roads of Cyprus for the foreseeable future.
Fixed Penalty Tickets
Many offences are dealt with by way of fixed penalty ticket with a fine. They have introduced a hand held, centrally controlled, computer system for issuing the tickets. Those who refuse a ticket will be reported and a summons to court will follow. Fines are not collected by the officer at the roadside. See – Offences, Fines and Points.
If you are a visitor, the points don’t effect you at present, but you should be aware that the EU, is currently trying to introduce an EU driving licence and make certain of the more serious traffic offences prosecutable across its borders. It may take some time to get agreement.
Payment of Traffic Fines
Traffic fines are not paid to the officer at the roadside.
More information on payment of fines….
Offences, Fines and Points.
For some offences your licence can be endorsed with penalty points leading to a driving ban and revocation of your licence. Where penalty points apply the Police Officer is obliged to impose the minimum penalty in each case. For serious offences the driver will be reported and a summons to court will follow.
In the main the offences in Cyprus are similar to those in the UK and Europe. See – Offences, Fines and Points.
The courts have the power to disqualify drivers for certain offences and those who have accrued 12 points. Points remain on a licence for 3 years. A court can impose a fine or imprisonment on foreign licence holders.
Cyprus may refuse to recognize the validity of a driving licence issued in another State where the holder has a licence that is restricted, suspended or revoked or cancelled in another State.
Pay Traffic fines by credit card online.
Pay Cyprus Police fines
Pay with a credit card through the JCCSmart website.
- Set up an account (Its easy).
- Log in.
- Click on the POLICE FINES button and follow the instructions.
The site is in Greek and English.
Fines can also be paid at any commercial bank or credit cooperatives in Cyprus or through the Cyprus Police Website.
Pay Municipal Police fines.
To pay municipal fines for parking and local bye-law infringements click the links below.
Here is a list of the main traffic offences in Cyprus.
This list is not exhaustive but is a guide.
The main law was updated on the 5th November 2010. The definitive Government publication in Greek can be downloaded here. An addendum regarding speeding and drink driving was made on the 15th June 2012.
It should be noted that Municipalities and similar entity’s are able enact laws and impose fines.
Some of the offences listed without penalty points may attract them at a later date.
On reaching twelve penalty points the courts will normally disqualify a driver from driving and suspend the driving licence. Currently penalty points are removed three years after the day on which they were imposed.
Payment of Traffic Fines
Traffic fines are not paid to the officer at the roadside. To see the payment methods available, check the link on this site.
The limit is lower than England and Wales and the same as Scotland at 22 micrograms per 100 ml of breath (50 milligrams per 100 millilitres of blood).
High Risk Groups Have a Lower Limit.
Novice drivers, motorcycles, trucks, buses, taxis and vehicles transporting hazardous cargoes are limited to 9 micrograms per 100 millilitres of breath (20 milligrams per 100 millilitres of blood).
- The reading from 23 to 35 micrograms – fine €100 – 0 – 2 penalty points
- reading 36 to 55 micrograms -fine €200 – 2 – 4 penalty points
- reading 56 to 70 micrograms – fine €300 – 3 – 6 penalty points
- Over 71 micrograms – Prison or fine between €150 – €400 will be determined by the court – 3 – 6 penalty points
- Drunk in charge of a vehicle. Determined by the court
- Speeds between up to 30% over the limit – fine €1 per km/h – 0 – 2 penalty points
- Speeds between between 31% and 50% over the limit – fine €2 per km/h – 2 – 4 penalty points
- Speeds between between 51% and 75% over the limit – fine €3 per km/h – 3 – 6 penalty points
- Speeds over 75% – Determined by the court – 3 – 6 penalty points
Examples: Travelling at 130km/h in a 100km/h limit the fine would be €30 plus penalty points. Travelling at 131km/h in a 100km/h limit the fine would be €62 plus penalty points.
More detailed information can be found regarding the above can be found here.
Some Common Offences
- Using a mobile telephone with their hands while driving – 2 – 4 points – fine €85
- Eating or drinking while driving – points and fine as above.
- Seat belts – omission: (a) installation (b) use by drivers and passengers – 2 – 4 points – fine €85
- Not carrying a reflective warning triangle – fine €20
- The writing, attaching or displaying of any object, for example a tax disc, on the windscreen of a vehicle is prohibited – fine – More information here.
- No driving licence or no insurance – Determined by the court
- No road tax (circulation licence) – Determined by the court
- No MOT (Bi annual vehicle inspection) – Determined by the court
- Registration Plate – Number plate infringements. Police have power to detain and remove vehicles not complying with the regulations – fine €85
- Failing to notify change of ownership or sale of vehicle within 30 days. – fine
- Motorcycle / Moped – Rider or Passenger – No helmet – 1 – 4 points – fine €85
- Motorcycle / Moped – riding without dipped beam headlights illuminated – fine €50
- Motorcycle / Moped – pillion under 12 years old – fine €25
- Motorcycle / Moped – passenger being carried in front of driver – fine €25
- Motorcycle / Moped – pillion not sitting astride vehicle – fine €25
- Moped – driving on Highway – fine €85
- Causing death through dangerous driving – 5 -10 points – fine determined by the court
- Dangerous driving – 3 – 6 points – fine determined by the court
- Careless driving – 3 – 6 points – The fine will be determined by the court
- Signalling – The driver failing to make signals – fine €25
- Failing to stop after an accident – 5 – 10 penalty points – The fine will be determined by the court
- Non-mechanical vehicle on motorways and high speed roads – fine €85
- Failing – to comply with traffic lights – 2 – 4 penalty points – fine €85
- Failing – to comply with directions given by a Police Officer – fine €55
- Failing – to comply with directions given by traffic signs – fine €25
- Failing – to stop or to conform to the signals of the traffic warden or Crossing Patrol at a school crossing – fine €55
- Failing – to stop and allow precedence to pedestrians on a pedestrian crossing – fine €85
- Driving the wrong way down a one way road. – fine €25
- Failing – to slow down to allow the safe passage of other vehicles or traffic – fine €55
- Overtaking on the left, on a bridge, top of a hill, opposite a junction, pedestrian crossing a continuous line or other sign – fine €55
- Driving of motor vehicles in a pedestrian street – fine €55
- Illegal entry of motor vehicles on the road with restrictions on the movement of motor vehicles – fine €55
- Priority – driver who does not give priority to vehicles coming from the right at junctions with main road or at controlled crossings or who drives into main road without stopping or slowing down – fine €55
- Unnecessary reversing – fine €25
- Unnecessary use of horn in built up areas – fine €25
Construction and Use Offences
- Cargo – passenger vehicle carrying bulky and hazardous cargo in a vehicle – fine €50
- Dangerous load or overhang. (More than 10% of vehicles length) – fine €50
- Shipments – which project or are hazardous – fine €50
- Driving a motor vehicle which has been modified,changed or adapted – fine
- Tyre (tire) – dangerous or defective. More Tyre Information (.pdf) – €25
- Silencers – or lack of silencer system – 2 – 4 points – fine €50
- Silencers – Using the vehicle with excessive smoke – 2 – 4 points – fine €50
- Mirrors – infringement regarding reflex mirrors – fine €25
- Windows – windscreen washers / wipers non-existent or defective – fine €25
- Windows – glass windows with limited visibility – fine
- Smoking – in private motor vehicle, with a person under the age of sixteen in the vehicle – fine €85
- Smoking – in public vehicle – fine €85
- Smoking – in designated public places where smoking is prohibited – fine
- Obstruction – of the highway with a motor vehicle – fine €85
- Obstruction – most other forms of obstruction – fine €50
- Obstruction – Heavy vehicles – a truck driver or bus does not stop and allow the other traffic to pass – fine €25
- Parking – Within 10 meters of a junction, within 15 meters of a pedestrian crossing, near traffic lights, on the pavement, on a bus stop or disabled bay – fine €85.
- Parking facing other than in the direction of traffic flow. This applies at any time day or night even if it is in a permitted parking place – fine €85
- Driver – who is in an irregular position inside the vehicle or raises his hand from the steering wheel unnecessarily – fine €25
- Passengers – not sitting in fixed seats, obstructs or interferes with the normal operation of the vehicle or is making signs or gestures could be seen as traffic signals – fine €25
- Doors – person who opens the door of a vehicle in a manner unsafe or disturbing for other vehicles or leaves the door open making another vehicles movement excessive – fine €25
- Lights – offences relating to parking lights and placing of a reflective warning triangle – fine €25
- Lights – offences relating to motor vehicle headlamps – fine €25
- Dropping litter – fine
- Taxi Fares – taxi driver fails have a table of charges in a prominent place in the taxi – fine €25
Learning to drive
- Learner Driver – failing to display E plate – fine €25
- Learner Driver – driver of a vehicle carrying passengers other than the supervisor – fine €25
- Learner Driver – driver who is not accompanied by a licensed driver – fine €25
- Learner Driver – on highway not accompanied by a Cyprus Registered driving instructor – fine
- Learner Driver – motorcycle driver carrying passengers other than the supervisor – fine €25
There are several things you should know about speed limits in Cyprus.
The sign indicating you are entering a limit will normally only be displayed on your side of the road.
Having entered a posted limit, you will very rarely find the small repeater signs that you see in the UK. The next sign you will see may be a change in speed limit or when you pass over a municipal boundary.
It is often not clear when a speed limit ceases to apply. You will rarely see a de-restriction sign. There are long stretches of road which could be de-restricted, because of the layout and lack of hazards, but the last limit still appears to apply.
I generally use the sign governing the speed limit for the opposing traffic as a guide for when the de-restriction starts. However this is not foolproof as there are examples where, according to the signs, the opposing traffic on the same road is governed by a different speed limit to you.
Speed limits posted at hazards, such as bends, are usually advisory in the UK. In Cyprus they are technically mandatory and must be obeyed. They are often placed with little thought as to their purpose or the affect they will have on traffic. You will not find many of the locals adhering to them.
Be careful of your speed.
The maximum speed limit allowed is lower than in the UK and can lead to impatience and an itchy right foot.
All speed limits in Cyprus are posted in Kilometers per hour (Kph)
|Type of Road||Sign||Approx.|
|Maximum speed limit||62|
|Minimum speed limit||40|
|Built up Areas:||Maximum speed limit||31|
|Country Roads:||Maximum speed limit||40|
|Hazards:||Maximum speed limit|
Roadworks, bends etc.
|Maximum speed limit||50|
Do not park on roads where parking is prohibited.
Do not drive or park in pedestrian zones unless there is a sign showing that vehicles displaying the Parking Card are exempt.
The Permit allows a disabled driver:
- To park in marked disabled parking bays.
- You may park free of charge and without time limit on roads where payment is required. Check locally.
- You may park without time limit on roads where parking is free but restricted by time.
People who are eligible to apply for a disabled parking permit (Blue Badge) in Cyprus.
- Recipient of Severe Motor Disability Allowance from the Disabled Welfare Service
- Persons with a visual disability (the visual acuity of both eyes is such that it does not exceed 6/60 even with the use of corrective lenses)
- Persons who have received financial assistance for purchasing a car by the Ministry of Finance according to the Scheme of Financial Assistance to Persons with Disabilities for Purchasing a Car
- Persons with intellectual disabilities with additional motor difficulties
The application form can be downloaded here. It has instructions in English.
Each Country has different regulations.
Information regarding the use of Blue Badge Permits in the Countries where it is applicable and where the permit allows you to park can be downloaded here.