The System of Car Control in Detail



Take it – Use it – Give it – T.U.G.

Take your information from all that is happening around you. Use your mirrors and scan to the front and sides.

Use the information that you gather to make a driving plan. Base your decisions on the hazards that you have identified, but have a contingency plan for dealing with the unexpected
Consider what can be seen – what cannot be seen – what might reasonably be expected to happen.
If a new hazard arises, decide whether you need to re-run the system from an earlier phase.

Give information if you have decided that another road user would benefit from it. This also includes pedestrians and cyclists.
The information phase runs throughout the whole of the System.


Position yourself so you can pass through the identified hazard safely and smoothly.
Always take account of other road users, including pedestrians, cyclists and children.


Adjust your speed where it is necessary. Use the accelerator, brake or  (when required to avoid skidding) gears to give you the speed, which will enable you to complete the manoeuvre.
Make good use of acceleration sense.
Aim to make all speed adjustments smoothly and steadily. Early anticipation and good observation will help you in this.


When your speed is correct for the circumstances, engage the correct gear for that speed.
If you have to brake to get the right speed, you can make the gear change before the end of the braking, but always try to avoid late braking and snatched gear changing.

The System of Motorcycle Control varies with the addition of a “lifesaver”. A look over the shoulder before making the manoeuvre. Most advanced drivers tend to do this when driving a car anyway.


Use your accelerator to maintain your speed and stability through the hazard. Depress the accelerator sufficiently to offset any loss of speed due to cornering forces.
Take account of your speed, other road users and the road and traffic conditions ahead when deciding whether it is safe to accelerate away from a hazard.

Choose an appropriate point to accelerate safely and smoothly. Adjust the amount of acceleration to the circumstances.