The Highway Code UK: 8 changes you need to know from 29 January 2022 – GOV.UK

The Highway Code: 8 changes you need to know from 29 January 2022

Rules for all types of road users will be updated in The Highway Code to improve the safety of people walking, cycling and riding horses.


Applies to England, Scotland and Wales
Guidance for Northern Ireland

The changes follow a public consultation on a review of The Highway Code to improve road safety for people walking, cycling and riding horses. It ran from July to October 2020, and received more than 20,000 responses from the public, businesses and other organisations. Most people who responded were in favour of all the changes.

The changes will be made to The Highway Code from Saturday 29 January 2022. Here are 8 of the changes that you need to know about.

1. Hierarchy of road users


The introduction section of The Highway Code will be updated to include 3 new rules about the new ‘hierarchy of road users’.

The hierarchy places those road users most at risk in the event of a collision at the top of the hierarchy. It does not remove the need for everyone to behave responsibly.

It’s important that all road users:

  • are aware of The Highway Code
  • are considerate to other road users
  • understand their responsibility for the safety of others

The 3 new rules are numbered H1, H2, and H3.

Rules that will change

  • Rule H1 (Introduction)
  • Rule H2 (Introduction)
  • Rule H3 (Introduction)

2. People crossing the road at junctions


The updated code will clarify that:

  • when people are crossing or waiting to cross at a junction, other traffic should give way
  • if people have started crossing and traffic wants to turn into the road, the people crossing have priority and the traffic should give way
  • people driving, riding a motorcycle or cycling must give way to people on a zebra crossing and people walking and cycling on a parallel crossing

A parallel crossing is similar to a zebra crossing, but includes a cycle route alongside the black and white stripes.

Rules that will change

  • Rule H2 (Introduction)
  • Rule 8 (Rules for pedestrians)
  • Rule 19 (Rules for pedestrians)
  • Rule 170 (Using the road)
  • Rule 195 (Using the road)
  • Rule 206 (Road users requiring extra care)

3. Walking, cycling or riding in shared spaces


There will be new guidance in the code about routes and spaces which are shared by people walking, cycling and riding horses.

People cycling, riding a horse or driving a horse-drawn vehicle should respect the safety of people walking in these spaces, but people walking should also take care not to obstruct or endanger them.

People cycling are asked to:

  • not pass people walking, riding a horse or driving a horse-drawn vehicle closely or at high speed, particularly from behind
  • slow down when necessary and let people walking know they are there (for example, by ringing their bell)
  • remember that people walking may be deaf, blind or partially sighted
  • not pass a horse on the horse’s left

Rules that will change

  • Rule H1 (Introduction)
  • Rule 13 (Rules for pedestrians)
  • Rule 62 (Rules for cyclists)
  • Rule 63 (Rules for cyclists)

4. Positioning in the road when cycling


There will be updated guidance for people cycling about positioning themselves which includes:

  • riding in the centre of their lane on quiet roads, in slower-moving traffic and at the approach to junctions or road narrowings
  • keeping at least 0.5 metres (just over 1.5 feet) away from the kerb edge (and further where it is safer) when riding on busy roads with vehicles moving faster than them

People cycling in groups

The updated code will explain that people cycling in groups:

  • should be considerate of the needs of other road users when riding in groups
  • can ride 2 abreast – and it can be safer to do so, particularly in larger groups or when accompanying children or less experienced riders

People cycling are asked to be aware of people driving behind them and allow them to overtake (for example, by moving into single file or stopping) when it’s safe to do so.

People cycling passing parked vehicles

The updated code will explain that people cycling should:

  • take care when passing parked vehicles, leaving enough room (a door’s width or 1 metre) to avoid being hit if a car door is opened
  • watch out for people walking into their path

Rules that will change

  • Rule 67 (Rules for cyclists)
  • Rule 213 (Road users requiring extra care)

5. Overtaking when driving or cycling

You may cross a double-white line if necessary (provided the road is clear) to overtake someone cycling or riding a horse if they are travelling at 10 mph or less (Rule 129).

There will be updated guidance on safe passing distances and speeds for people driving or riding a motorcycle when overtaking vulnerable road users, including:

  • leaving at least 1.5 metres (5 feet) when overtaking people cycling at speeds of up to 30mph, and giving them more space when overtaking at higher speeds
  • passing people riding horses or driving horse-drawn vehicles at speeds under 10 mph and allowing at least 2 metres (6.5 feet) of space
  • allowing at least 2 metres (6.5 feet) of space and keeping to a low speed when passing people walking in the road (for example, where there’s no pavement)

Wait behind them and do not overtake if it’s unsafe or not possible to meet these clearances.

People cycling passing slower-moving or stationary traffic

The updated code will confirm that people cycling may pass slower-moving or stationary traffic on their right or left.

They should proceed with caution as people driving may not be able to see them. This is particularly important:

  • on the approach to junctions
  • when deciding whether it is safe to pass lorries or other large vehicles

Rules that will change

  • Rule 67 (Rules for cyclists)
  • Rule 76 (Rules for cyclists)
  • Rule 163 (Using the road)
  • Rule 212 (Road users requiring extra care)
  • Rule 215 (Road users requiring extra care)

6. People cycling at junctions


The code will be updated to clarify that when turning into or out of a side road, people cycling should give way to people walking who are crossing or waiting to cross.

There will be new advice about new special cycle facilities at some junctions.

Some junctions now include small cycle traffic lights at eye-level height, which may allow cyclists to move separately from or before other traffic. People cycling are encouraged to use these facilities where they make their journey safer and easier.

There will also be new guidance for people cycling at junctions with no separate facilities.

The code will recommend that people cycling should proceed as if they were driving a vehicle where there are no separate cyclist facilities. This includes positioning themselves in the centre of their chosen lane, where they feel able to do this safely. This is to:

  • make them as visible as possible
  • avoid being overtaken where this would be dangerous

People cycling turning right

The code will include advice for people cycling using junctions where signs and markings tell them to turn right in 2 stages. These are:

  • stage 1 – when the traffic lights turn green, go straight ahead to the location marked by a cycle symbol and turn arrow on the road, and then stop and wait
  • stage 2 – when the traffic lights on the far side of the junction (now facing the people cycling) turn green, complete the manoeuvre

People cycling have priority when going straight ahead at junctions

The code will clarify that when people cycling are going straight ahead at a junction, they have priority over traffic waiting to turn into or out of a side road, unless road signs or markings indicate otherwise.

People cycling are asked to watch out for people driving intending to turn across their path, as people driving ahead may not be able to see them.

Rules that will change

  • Rule H2 (Introduction)
  • Rule H3 (Introduction)
  • Rule 73 (Rules for cyclists)
  • Rule 74 (Rules for cyclists)
  • Rule 75 (Rules for cyclists)
  • Rule 76 (Rules for cyclists)
  • Rule 167 (Using the road)
  • Rule 170 (Using the road)
  • Rule 211 (Road users requiring extra care)

7. People cycling, riding a horse and driving horse-drawn vehicles on roundabouts


The code will be updated to clarify that people driving or riding a motorcycle should give priority to people cycling on roundabouts. The new guidance will say people driving and or riding a motorcycle should:

  • not attempt to overtake people cycling within that person’s lane
  • allow people cycling to move across their path as they travel around the roundabout

The code already explains that people cycling, riding a horse and driving a horse-drawn vehicle may stay in the left-hand lane of a roundabout when they intend to continue across or around the roundabout.

Guidance will be added to explain that people driving should take extra care when entering a roundabout to make sure they do not cut across people cycling, riding a horse or driving a horse-drawn vehicle who are continuing around the roundabout in the left-hand lane.

Rules that will change

  • Rule 79 (Rules for cyclists)
  • Rule 167 (Using the road)
  • Rule 186 (Using the road)

8. Parking, charging and leaving vehicles

The code will recommend a new technique when leaving vehicles. It’s sometimes called the ‘Dutch Reach’.

Where people driving or passengers in a vehicle are able to do so, they should open the door using their hand on the opposite side to the door they are opening. For example, using their left hand to open a door on their right-hand side.

This will make them turn their head to look over their shoulder behind them. They’re then less likely to cause injury to:

  • people cycling or riding a motorcycle passing on the road
  • people on the pavement

Using an electric vehicle charge point

For the first time, the code will include guidance about using electric vehicle charging points.

When using one, people should:

  • park close to the charge point and avoid creating a trip hazard for people walking from trailing cables
  • display a warning sign if you can
  • return charging cables and connectors neatly to minimise the danger to other people and avoid creating an obstacle for other road users

Rules that will change

  • Rule 239 (Waiting and parking)

Find out about all the changes

In total, 9 sections of The Highway Code will be updated, with 50 rules being added or updated.

You’ll be able to see a summary of all the changes in The Highway Code updates list on GOV.UK from 29 January 2022.

Stay up to date

The Highway Code is essential reading for everyone. It’s updated regularly, so it’s important that everyone reads it – not just learner drivers.

Many of the rules in the code are legal requirements, and if you disobey these rules you’re committing a criminal offence.

If you do not follow the other rules in the code, it can be used in evidence in court proceedings to establish liability.

The full version of The Highway Code is available, free of charge, on GOV.UK. This will be updated on 29 January 2022.

You can pre-order an updated version of The Highway Code book online now, and buy a copy at most high street bookshops from April 2022. It will have a new cover design so it’s easy to recognise.


Source: The Highway Code: 8 changes you need to know from 29 January 2022 – GOV.UK

Shake-up coming for used-car industry | Cyprus Mail

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The used car market is set to become more transparent following a new push for greater clarity as to a vehicle’s history of damage and repair.

The road transport department has opened for public consultation a proposal to amend the law, so that a vehicle’s registration certificate would include a history and list of damage, repairs and replacement parts.

Head of the department Yiannis Nikolaides told the Cyprus Mail on Thursday that the company which insured the car would be required to inform the registrar of vehicles of any damage incurred.

“Checks were previously carried out on used cars coming in from abroad but now we want to regulate this issue domestically as well – so if a car is involved in crash in Cyprus the insurer would be obliged to inform the authorities,” Nikolaides told us.

Insurers would also have to list the repairs, such as whether the airbags were deployed and were then replaced with the correct ones.

Specifically, the proposal says that “damage from crashes, flooding, hail, fire or any other incident” must be reported.

The proposal is open to public consultation and Nikolaides told us that the reaction at large has been positive.

But others may lose out, he said.

Some have benefited from “blind spots” in the current regulations and the lack of a transparent history of the vehicle, but they are unlikely to voice their opposition in public, Nikolaides said.

“There are some who may have been taking advantage,” he added.

Currently, sellers may dress up and pass off a car as being in great condition despite having been in a serious crash – with it being up to their discretion to inform the prospective buyer.

Nikolaides said the amendments would ensure that the cars in use on the roads are safer, and future buyers are getting a fair deal on their purchase and can handle their vehicle accordingly.

Source: Shake-up coming for used-car industry | Cyprus Mail

Cabinet approves push to tighten licence law for moped drivers

Cyprus has moved a step closer to changing the law on driving licences for mopeds and motorbikes, an area which has long been criticised as being too lax but could dramatically shake up the food delivery industry.

The council of ministers on Wednesday approved the transport ministry’s proposal to amend the law, which would require that learner drivers be accompanied by a licensed driving instructor on another vehicle.

The proposal must still pass a vote in parliament, but the changes would have a significant impact on the delivery industry – in which many currently work solely with a learner’s licence.

The law currently allows for moped – and some motorbikes with certain specifications – to be driven indefinitely with just a learner’s licence.

This provisional licence is obtained merely by passing a road sign test.

The ministry’s proposed changes also seek to impose a timeframe for the eligibility of a learner licence to two years and require that learner drivers must wear more protective clothing – as would be expected of a motorbike driver, such as high visibility vests and trousers.

Should the holder of a learner’s licence fail to proceed to obtaining a full licence, they will have to reacquire their provisional one.

The proposal also lays out that learner drivers must wear jackets or a high vis vest, trousers, boots or adequate shoes, protective knee pads and gloves.

The protective gear stipulations also apply to drivers of motorbikes and mopeds who use the vehicles as part of their work.

The transport ministry said the proposal was shaped following decisions made by the road safety council, which also highlighted that 16 motorcyclists died from crashes in 2019, 14 in 2020 and 14 in 2021.

Traffic camera fines caught in red tape | Cyprus Mail

The revived traffic camera system has suffered an early setback as no fines have yet been issued despite thousands of violations having been recorded.

The first set of traffic cameras – four fixed and four mobile – were launched on October 25 and were operating on a pilot basis until January 1, at which point fines were set to be issued.

But since the beginning of the month, when the grace period ended, the authorities have so far failed to issue a single fine – with the setbacks being blamed on administrative and procedural complications.

A tangled bureaucracy and poor communication between government departments has been billed as the one of the main factors.

Local media reported that one office may have the public’s information stored in Greek, another in English and another in a mix of both, making it difficult to confirm a person’s place of residence, for example.

Assistant deputy of the traffic department Charis Evripides said that the cameras – currently still eight in total, but set to increase to 110 – record about 800 violations a day.

Daily Phileleftheros reported that the company handling the cameras needed longer than first expected to handle the fines and the issue is expected to be resolved within the coming days.

The daily cited a source as stating that the process to issue a fine required many checks and involves numerous steps, as some fines refer to multiple violations (speeding and not wearing a seatbelt, for example) which will alter the amount of the fine and the number of points to be deducted from a person’s licence.

Evripides further stated that the mobile camera units typically record speeding violations while the fixed units also pick up passing the line at a red light, speeding, not wearing a helmet and parking on yellow lines.

The contract for the cameras includes 90 fixed units in 30 locations around the island as well as 20 mobile cameras which police will determine their location and operating hours on a daily basis.

People fined will be able to visit CyCameraSystem to see the photo of the vehicle and driver committing the offence and other information. For more information call 80008009.

Woman given suspended sentence for speeding | Cyprus Mail

The Famagusta district court on Wednesday sentenced a 47-year-old woman who was driving at three times the normal speed, to a suspended three-year prison sentence and deprivation of her driver’s licence for 75 days.

The woman was caught driving at 155km per hour around 10pm on January 4 in the Dherynia area where she was stopped by traffic police.

Source: Woman given suspended sentence for speeding | Cyprus Mail

Time’s up for traffic offenders as cams go live | Cyprus Mail

From Saturday, the grace period for people caught on traffic cameras will be over and fines will be issued for offenders.

Police remind the public that, as of January 1, the new speed cameras system will be fully operational. There are currently four fixed and four mobile cameras while it is expected that gradually 90 fixed and 20 mobile ones will be introduced in total that will be operating round the clock.

The cameras started operating at the end of October for a trial period until the end of the year. People caught speeding or running a red light were sent notifications during this period instead of fines.

Fines will be issued for speeding, running a red light, and crossing a stop line. Once these are detected, other offences such as not holding the steering wheel with both hands, use of a mobile phone while driving, not wearing a seat belt or bikers not wearing a helmet can also be reviewed.

Vehicle owners will receive the fine by post. In the case the owner was not the one driving when the traffic violation was recorded, they must inform police within 15 days about who was behind the wheel.

The fine will be raised by 50 per cent if it is not paid within 30 days. If not paid within 45 days, the case will be referred to court. The fine cannot be paid in instalments, nor can there be an extension for the payment.

Paying the fine will also mean that the person found to violate the traffic code accepts the penalty points mentioned in the notice.

There are offences for which no out-of-court settlement will be issued and the person concerned will have to appear in court. This concerns cases when the penalty points exceed the limit, when going over 75 per cent of the speed limit, when the driver has no driving licence or it was revoked, and when they are found to drive categories of vehicles they are not licenced to drive.

People fined will be able to visit to see the photo of the vehicle and driver committing the offence and other information.

For more information people may call 80008009.

Source: Time’s up for traffic offenders as cams go live | Cyprus Mail